First mill in Ahmedabad floated by Shri Ranchhodlal Chhotalal
(after 12 years of struggle). It was a small mill containing
2500 throstle spindles, and employed 63 workers.
1861 - The mill, The Ahmedabad Cotton Mill, started
working on May 30th.
1871 - Inspired by the success of the first mill,
second mill was built in Ahmedabad by Rai Bahadur Bechardas
1875 - The Millowners Association, Bombay,
1877 - Third mill in Ahmedabad was established
by Jamnabhai Mansukhbhai. - Another mill by Ranchhodlal
1891 1893 - The Millowners Association, Ahmedabad,
formed. - Imposition of excise duty by British Government
on Indian-made cloth. Was strongly resented by workers
as well as owners.
1906 - Countrywide Swadeshi movement. Maskati Cloth
Market Association was formed.
1909 - Indian Council Act published, under which
Bombay Millowners Association was entitled to elect
a representative to the Bombay legislative council alternatively
with the Ahmedabad Millowners Association.
1914 - Commencement of World War I resulting in
stoppage of mill building in Bombay.
1915 - Bombay cotton mills commenced working with
electric power supplied by Tata Hydroelectric works.
1916 - A prosperous year for the industry. A 10
percent increase in wages as war bonus was sanctioned.
1917 - Birth of labor movement in Ahmedabad.
1918 - First strike of workers of weaving department
on the issue of bonus. Workers were led by Gandhiji. Talks
between Gandhi and Kasturbhai as representative of the
1919 - First trade union of Mill workers in Bombay,
and formation of Girni Kamgar Sangh. Strike for bonus
by Bombay mill workers lasted 8 weeks in 1924. Bombay
Textile Labour Union formed in 1926.
1922 - In Ahmedabad, a strike of workers of all
mills in support of demand for bonus.
1923 - The Bombay Millowners Association
demanded the repeal of excise duty, which was, eventually
abolished 1926.- Strike in Ahmedabad following 20% reduction
in wages, owing to the deteriorating condition of the
industry. This lasted over two months. Finally workers
returned to work accepting 15 5/8 % reduction. They demanded
restoration of wages in 1929.
1925 - Workmens compensation act came into force.
A year of heavy loss to the industry.
1930 - AMOA organised a Swadeshi Sabha.
Mills that joined Swadeshi Sabha stopped using imported
yarn or stores materials, used only yarn spun in India.
Flouters were fined heavily. Indian National Congress,
under Motilal Nehru, officially recognised activities
of Swadeshi Sabha, despite protest by Majoor Mahajan.·
1933 - AMOA undertook to provide 1000 tenements
for industrial housing.
1936 - Depression - a critical year for the industry
in Ahmedabad.1937- Payment of Wages Act came into force.
1938 - Industrial Disputes Act enacted.
1939- Germany declared war on 3rd September
1940 - A general strike in Bombay mills lasted
for 40 days while peace prevailed in Ahmedabad.
1941 - Mills closed to paralyse British war efforts.
One lakh textile workers sent to their villages for 3
months. Though workers didnt receive wages for strike
period, several welfare agencies helped with food and
1942 - Quit India movement. Workers
returned, worked voluntarily for 3 ½ months.
1943 - 60 percent of the total production were
devoted to war orders.
1945 - World War II came to an end. Twice in the
year mills closed for want of coal.
1947 - Indian Independence. Ahmedabad workers were
paid one months pay as Azadi bonus.
- Communal riots affected textile centres like Bombay
and Kanpur. - Taxation of Income Act came into force.
1948- Minimum wage was fixed in the industry.
1949 - Central Excise duty imposed on superfine
cloth. - The industry accumulated huge stocks.
1950- Setback in cotton textile production. - Foundation
stone of ATIRA building laid.
1951- Notice of closure put up in a number of mills
all over the country, yet the production figures stood
1952- Additional excise duty levied to develop
the khadi and handloom industry. - Restriction on the
production of dhotis in mills to safeguard the interest
of handloom industry.
1953- Bombay Labour Welfare Fund Act enacted. -
ATIRA inaugurated by Prime Minister Nehru.
1957- Gratuity Award by Industrial Court, Bombay,
for textile workers of Ahmedabad. - Central Sales Tax
Act came into force.
1958- Metric system introduced in the textile industry.1960
- The State of Gujarat formed.
1961- Centenary of the Ahmedabad textile mill industry
celebrated. Centenary Exhibition inaugurated by Prime
Minister Nehru. - Excise duty on cloth increased substantially.
1964- E.S.I. Scheme implemented in Ahmedabad. 1965-
Payment of Bonus Act enacted.
1966- Crisis in Ahmedabad textile industry.
1967- Committee set up to access the working of
weak textile mills in Gujarat by State Government.
1968- National Textile Corporation set up.
Memento presented to Kasturbhai Lalbhai